Created by Healthcare Practitioners for the

Created by Healthcare Practitioners for the

Patients they Treat

Patients they Treat

Dr John Wade , MD, FRCP(C) Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Options

Rheumatoid arthritis is a common type of arthritis. It’s seen in about one percent of the general population, more common in women than men – about three to one. And it often presents with pain, swelling and stiffness in the small joints, typically of the hands and feet, but it can go on and involve the larger joints, such as the ankles, the elbows, the wrists or the knees.

Quiz: Do You Understand Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Test your knowledge by answering the following questions:

Questions
True
False
1

At first, rheumatoid arthritis usually only attacks a few joints, but over time it affects more.

Explanation:
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include joint pain, swelling and stiffness. At first, rheumatoid arthritis usually only attacks a few joints, but over time it affects more. Many people experience worse RA pain in the morning or after they’ve been sitting or lying down for awhile. It can also cause fatigue.
2

Rheumatoid arthritis is linked to heart disease.

Explanation:
Unlike some other types of arthritis, the chronic swelling from rheumatoid arthritis can cause permanent damage to the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is also linked to heart disease.
3

Biologics are not a good treatment option for rheumatoid arthritis.

Explanation:
Rheumatoid arthritis treatments include disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologics (medications produced from living organisms or components of living organisms). Other medication options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) and analgesics (painkillers).
4

If you aren’t responding to first-line rheumatoid arthritis therapies, then your rheumatologist may be looking at offering you a second-line therapy.

Explanation:
If you aren’t responding to first-line rheumatoid arthritis therapies, then your rheumatologist may be looking at offering you a second-line therapy. Second-line therapies are a major advance to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and may be pills, injections under the skin or intravenous infusions.
5

Only heavy smoking is linked to an elevated risk of rheumatoid arthritis.

Explanation:
In addition to medications for rheumatoid arthritis, canes, crutches and walkers can help people stay mobile. You may also need to make lifestyle changes to manage your condition and reduce your risk of heart disease. Maintain healthy blood pressure and cholesterol. If you smoke, quit – even light smoking is linked to an elevated risk of RA.
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Dr. John Watterson MD, FRCPC, Rheumatologist : What is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) ?

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a form of lupus, a family of chronic autoimmune diseases that cause inflammation. Lupus affects people differently, so symptoms and treatments vary. Systemic lupus erythematosus symptoms include pain, fatigue, skin rash, chest pain and hair loss. In more severe cases of the disease, the immune system may attack the lungs, brain, heart, kidneys and red or white blood cells. Most patients with lupus experience similar flareups each time symptoms return.

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Dr. Jean-Pierre Raynauld, MD, FRCPC : Options de traitement de l'arthrite rhumatoïde

L’arthrite rhumatoïde est une condition articulaire qui peut affecter certains patients au niveau de leurs jointures, particulièrement les articulations des mains et des pieds. Ça va toucher environ 1 % de la population. On parle d’environ trois femmes pour un homme. C’est une condition qui peut arriver assez brusquement, souvent dans la vingtaine et la trentaine. Alors donc, les articulations vont être enflées, elles vont être douloureuses, elles vont même être gonflées et une sensation de raideur. Et ça va affecter surtout les mains et les pieds. Par contre, ça pourrait affecter aussi les poignets, les épaules, les genoux et même les chevilles.

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